Apex Press, 2001 — 60 pages, paperback
In May 2001, this essay was published as an illustrated book by The Apex Press, an imprint of the Council on International and Public Affairs, Suite 3C, 777 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017 (Tel. 1-800-316-2739) Library of Congress Control Number: 2001089619; ISBN 1-891843-12-5.

Download the Press Release | Summary of the Book | Statement of the author Arjun Makhijani | Statement by Martha R. Herbert, M.D., Ph.D. | Statement by Richard Strohman

The central thesis of this book is that the genetic structures of living beings are internal biological expressions of the ecosystems they need to survive. That is why living beings contribute to the reproduction of ecosystems by their everyday acts of living, in a global-scale symbiosis. Inter-species genetic engineering creates new types of living beings, which could not arise naturally and which are being introduced without a sound understanding of their ecological impacts. The potential for nasty ecological surprises, possibly greater than anything seen with chemicals, is outlined in this monograph, which is based on fundamental theoretical arguments, illustrated with many examples.

Arjun Makhijani presents a deeper and scarier analysis of the threat which genetically engineered food poses to life on earth than criticisms of genetically engineered food to date. His work will open a new and more profound debate that calls into question the very nature of the agricultural biotech experiment now underway. Friends of the Earth urges everyone to read this pioneering book.

— Brent Blackwelder, President, Friends of the Earth

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